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  • Writer's pictureKaren O'Reilly

Who Is The Holy Spirit And What Does He Do?

Updated: Jun 6

Inside, you’ll find a 25-day study on who the Holy Spirit is and what He does. Each day’s study is linked to another page for deeper exploration. This study will commence on May 27th, 2024. Additionally, we have a printable guide to help you dive deep and listen to what the Holy Spirit is saying to you.


who is the Holy Spirit and what does He do?

Welcome to our study on who the Holy Spirit is and what He Does! The Holy Spirit is often referred to as the least understood person of the Trinity, yet His presence and work are vital to our Christian faith. Many believers may know of the Holy Spirit but may not fully grasp who He is and the incredible impact He can have in our lives.


The pivotal event of Pentecost marks the beginning of the Holy Spirit's powerful and transformative work in the lives of believers. On this day, as described in Acts 2, the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles with a mighty rushing wind and tongues of fire, filling them and empowering them to spread the gospel with boldness and conviction. This event fulfilled Jesus' promise to send the Helper, the Spirit of truth, who would guide and empower His followers (John 14:26).


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Who Is The Holy Spirit And What Does He Do?

In our study, Who The Holy Spirit Is And What Does He Do?, we will explore the identity and role of the Holy Spirit, diving into Scripture to understand His nature, His presence, and His power. The Holy Spirit is not an abstract force but a personal and active presence in the life of every believer. He comforts, guides, empowers, and transforms us, drawing us closer to God and enabling us to live out our faith.


We will look at key passages from both the Old and New Testaments that reveal the Holy Spirit’s character and His work. Our goal is to deepen our relationship with Him, recognize His voice, and embrace His guidance in our daily lives. By the end of this study, you will have a clearer understanding of who the Holy Spirit is and the many ways He works in and through us.


Join me on this journey to discover the life-changing reality of the Holy Spirit. Let’s open our hearts and minds to His presence and allow Him to lead us into a deeper, more vibrant faith.


Who The Holy Spirit Is and what He Does?

Join us in exploring one of the most intriguing and perhaps misunderstood figures of the Trinity: the Holy Spirit. Despite being a central part of the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), many people are not fully aware of who the Holy Spirit is or the vital role He plays in a Christian's life.


The Holy Spirit is more than a fleeting presence; He represents God's power in action and presence in the world. The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity. God is a triune Being. He exists as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. While existing as one God, He also consists of three co-equal persons who are one in essence while simultaneously distinct in role and personality.


My search to find out who the Holy Spirit Is and what does He do?

Many years ago (I was about 19 years old), I was discontent in my walk with the Lord.


I was very blessed to have come to know the Lord at the tender age of 10 years ( I will be forever grateful to my Sunday school teacher for leading me to Christ in a small Baptist church).


But, having been diligent with my morning devotionals, going to church regularly, and participating in Bible study groups, I was discontent. I knew I was missing something but no matter how many church ministers I asked what I was missing, I never got a satisfactory answer.


Then I read a book by A W. Towzer about the Holy Spirit, and I felt that I had finally found someone who spoke my language. He seemed to know exactly what I was missing, The Holy Spirit. At the same time as I was reading this book, I started attending a new church and enrolled in the Alpha course. Through the Alpha course I discovered who the Holy Spirit is and how I can be filled and empowered with the Holy Spirit to live a more victorious life.


Who is the Holy Spirit ?

When you become a Christian, you receive the Holy Spirit. This happens the moment you believe in Jesus. It's like the Holy Spirit comes and makes His home in your heart. He is a personal and active presence in the life of a believer, empowering, guiding, and transforming them.

The Holy Spirit indwells every Christian, providing comfort, conviction of sin, spiritual gifts, and the fruit of the Spirit. He plays a crucial role in the work of salvation, sanctification, and the ongoing relationship between believers and God, enabling them to live out their faith and fulfill God's purposes.


"But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." John 14:26 NIV.


Though every Christian has the Holy Spirit from the start, this doesn't mean you automatically experience all of His power all at once. Think of it like having a battery—just because it’s in your device doesn’t mean it’s fully charged.


Living a strong Christian life requires more than just having the Holy Spirit; it requires being continually filled with the Holy Spirit. This is about letting the Holy Spirit have more influence over your life every day as you surrender every part of your life to God. You can invite more of the Holy Spirit's presence and power into your life through prayer, reading the Bible, and spending time in worship. It’s like opening the doors of your life wider to let more of God’s presence in.


The more you align with the Holy Spirit through these activities, the more you'll feel His strength and guidance in everything you do—from making decisions to handling tough situations. Continually seeking the Holy Spirit helps you grow in faith and become more like Jesus, which is the goal of every Christian’s life.


What does the Holy Spirit do?

The Holy Spirit is an equal and essential part of the Holy Trinity, alongside God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son. But what does the Holy Spirit do?


How does He help and change the lives of those who believe in Christ?


In this blog post and 25 - Day Bible study on the Holy Spirit, we’ll explore what the Bible says about the Holy Spirit’s diverse and impactful role. We’ll uncover how He actively works in the lives of believers, offering guidance and transformation.


Join me as we clarify the Holy Spirit's role and celebrate the depth of His influence in our lives as children of God.


who is the holy spirit and what does he do?

Descriptions Of The Holy Spirit

In my opinion, the best way to discover who is the Holy Spirit is to find out how the Bible describes the Holy Spirit. Here is a list of 25 characteristics of the Holy Spirit, including His attributes, and symbols.


There is so much treasure to discover as we unpack what scripture teaches us about the Holy Spirit, that I am going to lead you through each of the 30 characteristics with separate blog posts. This will be a 25-Day Bible study. You will find a link under each characteristic to lead you to that specific post.


1. The Person Of The Holy Spirit - 1 Corinthians 2:10-11, Romans 8:27, Romans 14:17, Ephesians 4:30


The Holy Spirit is a person in the Godhead. Although the Holy Spirit is invisible to us, He is a real person!

The Holy Spirit isn't just some vague force; He is a distinct, divine person within the Trinity, complete with His own intellect, will, and emotions. These personal qualities are essential to personal existence, and allow the Holy Spirit to form deep, meaningful relationships with believers. He thinks, He plans, and yes, He even feels emotions!


"these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. For who knows a person's thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God."


And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. Romans 8:27.ESV


"For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit." Romans 14:17 ESV


"And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption"


Attributes Describing the personhood of the Holy Spirit

  1. Intellect: The Holy Spirit possesses intellect, which is demonstrated in His ability to teach, guide, and bring to remembrance all things Jesus has said (John 14:26). Additionally, 1 Corinthians 2:10-11 describes the Spirit searching all things, even the deep things of God, showing His capacity for thought and understanding.

  2. Emotions: The Holy Spirit experiences emotions, which is a key attribute of personhood. Romans 14:17 points out that the Holy Spirit helps develop righteousness, peace, and joy in believers. These qualities are more than just feelings; they are key features of a life influenced by the Holy Spirit. His role in bringing these qualities into our lives shows that He can relate to us and help us on a deep, emotional level. Ephesians 4:30 advises believers not to grieve the Holy Spirit, indicating that He feels sorrow in response to sin or disobedience among believers.

  3. Will: Romans 8:27 shows us that the Holy Spirit actively chooses to help believers by praying for them according to what God wants. This isn't random; it's a deliberate action. When it talks about "the mind of the Spirit," it means that the Holy Spirit makes His own decisions, just like a person does. This shows us that the Holy Spirit really is a person who engages in our lives on purpose.



We will be discussing more about the emotions of the Holy Spirit, about the joy of the Holy Spirit, and how the Holy Spirit can be grieved further down this post.


2. The Holy Spirit And Creation - Genesis 1:2


All three persons of the Trinity were involved in Creation—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit's involvement in creation is vividly depicted across several key scripture passages, which together illuminate His essential and dynamic role in the formation of the universe.


"The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters." Genesis 1:2 ESV.


Genesis 1:2 tells us that the Holy Spirit was hovering above the waters. The image of the Holy Spirit hovering over the waters gives us a picture of the Holy Spirit as an active participant in preparing the way for God to speak His creative word and bring light to the world.



3. Holy Spirit As Breath - Genesis 2:7, John 6:63.

Many places in the Bible mention the breath of God through the use of the Hebrew word ruach or the Greek word pneuma.

Just as our bodies cannot function without physical breath, our spirits are lifeless without the Holy Spirit. He is the source of our spiritual life, constantly renewing and revitalizing our connection with God.


The Holy Spirit is literally the oxygen of God!


Just as breath is needed for physical growth and vitality, the Holy Spirit is necessary for spiritual development. He nourishes our souls with grace and truth, helping us grow in faith and maturity.


"then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature." Genesis 2:7 ESV.


"It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life." John 6:63 ESV.


In this John 6:63, Jesus says, "It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life." Here, the word "Spirit" is translated from the Greek word "pneuma," which can mean spirit, breath, or wind. In this context, "pneuma" refers to the Holy Spirit, emphasizing His role in giving spiritual life and vitality, in contrast to the flesh, which is powerless to do so.



4. The Holy Spirit As Helper - John 14:16-18


In times of trouble and uncertainty, it's comforting to know we are not left alone to navigate life's challenges. Before His crucifixion, Jesus promised His disciples a Helper who would continue His work and provide comfort and guidance.


"And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper,[a] to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you. “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. John 14:16-18.


As Jesus prepared His disciples for His departure, He understood their fears and anxieties about the future. He reassured them with the promise of the Holy Spirit, a divine Helper who would remain with them eternally. This promise was crucial not just for comfort, but for empowering them to continue the mission Jesus had started. This promise extends to us today, offering reassurance and hope. You can read more about the Holy Spirit as your Helper in our devotional study HERE.


5. Holy Spirit As Counselor - John 14:26


The Holy Spirit as our Counselor is actively involved in every aspect of our lives, offering guidance, teaching, remembrance, and peace. By recognizing and depending on His daily counsel, we can navigate life’s complexities with His perfect wisdom.


"But the Helper (Counselor/Advocate), the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you."


When we fully submit to God, the Holy Spirit can counsel us in numerous transformative ways. Join us for a devotional Bible study as we discuss 12 ways the Holy Spirit is your counselor HERE.


6. The Holy Spirit Is Your Teacher - 1 John 2:27


The Holy Spirit's role as a teacher is a key aspect of His ministry to believers, guiding them into deeper understanding and application of God's Word.


"But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie—just as it has taught you, abide in him." 1 John 2:27 ESV.


The Apostle John reassures us (as believers in the risen Christ) about the incredible resource they have in the Holy Spirit. The "anointing" refers to the Holy Spirit Himself, who resides in every believer. This indwelling Presence is not just a mark of our salvation; it is an active source of divine wisdom and truth. John emphasizes that this anointing teaches us about "everything" and is utterly reliable, contrasting it with the unreliable teachings and deceptive philosophies of the world.



7. The Holy Spirit As A Dove - Luke 3:22


The dove represents peace, purity, and the Holy Spirit's gentle presence. In Luke 3:22 we read about the scene at the Jordan River, where Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist. It is a public affirmation of His identity and mission. Since the Holy Spirit is a spirit, we can't usually see Him. But during this special moment, He chose to show Himself in a way that everyone could see.


"and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with You I am well pleased.” Luke 3:22 ESV.


Just as the dove visibly descended upon Jesus, the Holy Spirit is always with us, even though we might not see Him. His presence in our lives brings continual comfort, guidance, and the assurance of God's love.

To truly feel the Holy Spirit's peace and presence, it's important to make our hearts a welcoming place for Him. Think of creating an environment where He can dwell comfortably. He wants to bring peace into our lives, but if our hearts are cluttered with chaos, confusion, or conflict—often stemming from sin—He finds it hard to rest there. During our upcoming devotional Bible study, we'll explore how to cultivate a life that invites the Holy Spirit's peaceful presence more fully. Read the devotional Bible study about the Holy Spirit As A Dove HERE.


8. Holy Spirit Of Truth - John 14:16-20, 1 John 4:6


Jesus introduces the Holy Spirit as the "Spirit of truth" in John 14:17. The Holy Spirit is totally and completely honest. This title is significant, especially in the context of His discourse at the Last Supper. As Jesus prepares His disciples for His departure, He promises the Holy Spirit to ensure they are not left as orphans in a confusing world. This promise extends to us, offering divine guidance and insight.


"And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you. “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you." John 14:16-20


" We are from God. Whoever knows God listens to us; whoever is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the Spirit of truth and the spirit of error." 1 John 4:6 ESV


The Holy Spirit will never lead you to error. In our daily lives, we encounter numerous voices, each clamoring for attention and asserting its version of truth. As believers, we are not left to navigate these waters alone. Jesus promised us the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, who guides us into all truth, helping us discern the true from the false, the holy from the deceitful.


By relying on His guidance, we grow in confidence and faith, knowing that we are never alone and always led by God's truth. Unpack this more in our devotional Bible study HERE


9. Holy Spirit And Wisdom - Isaiah 11:2, Ephesians 1:17, James 1:5


 Wisdom is a fundamental attribute of God, and the Holy Spirit’s impartation of wisdom to believers is a reflection of God’s desire to make His nature known to His children.


"And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord. Isaiah 11:2 ESV.


"that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him," Ephesians 1:17 ESV


"If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him." James 1:5 ESV


Wisdom is more than making sound decisions; it’s about living a life that reflects the nature of God. As we seek the wisdom that the Holy Spirit provides, we find ourselves walking in alignment with God’s ways, drawing closer to Him and reflecting His character in our actions and decisions.


Take note of James 1:5, James tells us to confidently ask God for wisdom because He gives it freely and without criticism. This promise assures us that wisdom is available to every believer who prays for it. The Holy Spirit, who works in us, answers these prayers generously, making wisdom within reach for all who seek it.


The Holy Spirit’s wisdom is not a luxury but a necessity for living a life that is pleasing to God, marked by spiritual depth, moral integrity, and effective witness. It transforms our minds, conforms our will to God’s, and enables us to live out our faith authentically and courageously in every aspect of life. We will dive more into the topic of Holy Spirit and wisdom in devotional Bible study over HERE



WHO IS THE HOLY SPIRIT AND WHAT DOES HE DO PRINTABLE JOURNAL

10. The Joy Of The Holy Spirit - Luke 10:21, 1 Thessalonians 1:6-7, Romans 14:17


Joy can sometimes be missing from our daily lives due to various challenges. However, as believers in Christ, we have access to a unique source of joy that transcends our circumstances—the joy of the Holy Spirit. This joy is a deep, abiding sense of delight that comes from our relationship with God through the Holy Spirit.


The following passages of scripture provide a vivid picture of the transformative power of the Holy Spirit’s joy in various contexts—from Jesus' own expressions of joy, to the resilient joy of early Christians, to the defining characteristics of God's Kingdom.


"In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will." Luke 10:21.ESV


"And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit,  so that you became an example to all the believers in Macedonia and in Achaia." 1 Thessalonians 1:6-10 ESV


"For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit." Romans 14:17 ESV


In our devotional Bible study, we will explore more about the joy of the Holy Spirit, recognizing it as a vital part of our spiritual lives and a true expression of God's kingdom on earth. Read our devotional Bible study HERE.


11. Grieving the Holy Spirit - Ephesians 4:29-31


We already talked about the personhood of the Holy Spirit on Day 1. of our study, and of how He feels emotions. One of those emotions is grief.


Did you know it's possible to grieve the Holy Spirit?


 Let no corrupting talk come out of your mouths, but only such as is good for building up, as fits the occasion, that it may give grace to those who hear. And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice. Be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you. Ephesians 4:29-32


Our actions and words have a significant impact not only on our relationships with others but also on our relationship with God, particularly with the Holy Spirit who dwells within us. Paul's letter to the Ephesians offers insight into how our behavior can grieve the Holy Spirit.


In our devotional study, we will explore what it means to grieve the Holy Spirit and how we can be more mindful of our actions and attitudes. (Coming soon)


12. Guidance of Holy Spirit - John 16:13, John 14:26, John 16:8, Acts 16:6-7, Colossians 3:15


The Holy Spirit as a Guide is one of the most cherished roles He plays in the life of believers, providing direction and clarity in both spiritual matters and everyday decisions. This guiding role is deeply biblical with the promise of Jesus to His disciples about the coming of the Holy Spirit.


"When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come." John 16:13 ESV


How does Holy Spirit guide us?


1. The Holy Spirit teaches and Illuminates scripture: The Holy Spirit helps believers understand and apply the truths of Scripture.


"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you." John 14:26 ESV

2. Holy Spirit Convicts us of sin: One of the Holy Spirit's roles is to convict the world concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8). For believers, this involves a deep, personal conviction where the Holy Spirit points out areas of sin that need repentance and change, helping individuals to live in a way that is pleasing to God.


"And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment" John 16:8 ESV


3. Holy Spirit directs decisions: The Holy Spirit often directs believers in their decisions, big and small. Acts 16:6-7 mentions how the Holy Spirit prevented Paul and his companions from preaching the word in Asia and Bithynia, instead directing them towards Macedonia. This shows that the Holy Spirit can actively influence the direction of a believer's ministry and life choices.


"And they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia. And when they had come up to Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them." Acts 16:6-7 ESV


Holy Spirit provides peace and confirmation: The Holy Spirit often confirms His guidance by giving believers a sense of peace about a decision or direction. Colossians 3:15 talks about letting the peace of Christ rule in our hearts—a peace that often comes through the inner witness of the Holy Spirit.


"And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body. And be thankful." Colossians 3:15 ESV


 The Holy Spirit guides believers, helping them to navigate the complexities of life in a way that glorifies God and fulfills His purpose for their lives. Recognizing and responding to the Holy Spirit’s guidance is a vital aspect of Christian living. We will discuss this topic further in our devotional study (coming soon).


13. God And The Holy Spirit - 1 Corinthians 6:19, 2 Peter 1:21,

2 Timothy 3:16, 1 Peter 1:2, Acts 5:3-4, Psalm 139:7-8, Genesis 1:2.


Is the holy spirit the spirit of god?


Yes, the Holy Spirit is indeed God. This is a core belief in Christian theology. God exists as three persons but one essence: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit.

Each person of the Trinity is fully God, co-equal, and co-eternal, sharing the same divine nature.


The relationship between God and the Holy Spirit is essential to understanding the nature of God as revealed in the Bible. The Holy Spirit is not only a divine helper and counselor but is also God Himself, actively working in and through us.


Here are several key verses that illustrate the divinity of the Holy Spirit:


Your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit:


"Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own," 1 Corinthians 6:19 ESV


The Holy Spirit inspired the scriptures: The Bible declares that all Scripture is "God-breathed" (2 Timothy 3:16), indicating that the Holy Spirit played an essential role in its inspiration. The term "God-breathed" highlights the Holy Spirit’s involvement in the very breath or voice of God that communicates through the written word. This reflects His divine authority to convey truth that carries the weight and power of God Himself.


"For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit." 2 Peter 1:21 ESV


"All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness," 2 Timothy 3:16 ESV


The Holy Spirit sanctifies us: This is an attribute of God.


"according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood:" 1 Peter 1:2 ESV


Holy Spirit is equated with God:  In Acts 5:3-4, Peter confronts Ananias with lying to the Holy Spirit and then states that he has not lied to men but to God, making a direct equivalence between the Holy Spirit and God.


"But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land?  While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to man but to God.” Acts 5:3-4 ESV


Holy Spirit is omnipresent: The Holy Spirit possesses attributes that are only attributable to God—omnipresence, omniscience, omnipotence, and eternity. For example, in Psalm 139:7-8, David speaks of the Spirit’s omnipresence:

"Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! Psalm 139:7-8 ESV


Holy Spirit Creator: The Holy Spirit is involved in creation, a role that only God can fulfill. Genesis 1:2 describes the Spirit of God as moving over the face of the waters during the creation of the world.

"The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters." Genesis 1:2 ESV.


We will dive deeper into the topic of God and Holy Spirit in our devotional study (coming soon).


14. The Holy Spirit intercedes for us - Romans 8:26-27


Do you ever find it hard to pray?


Maybe you are going through a difficult time or you feel the weight of a great burden. You have a desire to pray, but you can't find the words. I am excited to tell you that you are not alone. We have the perfect intercessor, the Holy Spirit!


"Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God." Romans 8:26-27


These verses from Romans offer deep insights into the role of the Holy Spirit as our intercessor. This aspect of the Holy Spirit’s work is both mysterious and essential, demonstrating His active presence in our lives.


When we feel weak and unsure of what to pray for, the Holy Spirit is there to help us. He understands our struggles and steps in to intercede for us, using groanings that are too deep for words. These are not just any prayers, but deep, heartfelt ones that go beyond language and straight to God. What’s comforting is that the Holy Spirit's intercessions are perfectly in line with God's will, ensuring that our needs are met just as they should be. He doesn’t just pray for us; He does so in a way that’s deeply personal and empathetic, truly understanding our feelings and needs because He lives within us. This means that even in our darkest moments, we are never alone; the Holy Spirit is always there, connecting us with God’s perfect plan.


We will unpack Romans 8:26-27 more in our devotional Bible study (coming soon).


15. Power Of The Holy Spirit - Acts 1:8, 2 Timothy 1:7, Romans 15:13.


The Holy Spirit is not only a source of comfort and guidance but also a powerful presence in the lives of believers. This power enables us to witness, overcome fear, and abound in hope. The following scriptures illustrate the transformative power of the Holy Spirit and how it equips us for every aspect of our Christian walk.


"But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” Acts 1:8 ESV



"God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and love and self-control." 2 Timothy 1:7 ESV



"May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope." Romans 15:13 ESV


The Holy Spirit empowers us to share Christ's message far and wide, not just overcoming our own limitations but enabling us to reach across cultures and borders. This power drives our mission to make Christ known throughout the world. Additionally, the Holy Spirit fills us with power, love, and self-discipline, transforming us from within. This transformation allows us to overcome fear and live out God's love and righteousness in practical ways. Paul also teaches us that the Holy Spirit brings us a powerful sense of hope, joy, and peace. These aren't just fleeting feelings; they're strong, lasting qualities that help us stay steadfast in our faith, especially when faced with challenges.


We will discuss this more in our devotional Bible study (coming soon).


16. Holy Spirit As Living Water - John 4:10, John 7:37-39


The imagery of the Holy Spirit as "living water" is rich with meaning. The Bible illustrates the Holy Spirit’s role in refreshing, sustaining, and giving life to believers, much like water sustains physical life.


In John 4:10 Jesus speaks with the Samaritan woman at the well and offers her "living water" so that she will never thirst again, indicating a spiritual fulfillment and eternal life that only He can provide.

"Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.” John 4:10 ESV


In John 7:37-39, the imagery of rivers of living water flowing out of the believer’s heart speaks of the abundant life and power that the Holy Spirit brings. This is not a stagnant or limited supply but a dynamic, overflowing presence that impacts not only the individual but also those around them.


"On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’” Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified." John 7:37-39 ESV


The Holy Spirit as living water is a powerful reminder of God's desire to not only meet our deepest spiritual needs but also to use us to minister to others. As we allow the Holy Spirit to fill our lives, we become sources of His refreshing presence in a world that desperately needs it. We will dive more into the topic of the Holy Spirit as 'living water' in our devotional Bible study (coming soon).


17. Holy Spirit And Fire - Luke 3:16, Acts 2:1-4


The imagery of the Holy Spirit as fire is a powerful symbol found in the Bible, conveying purification, presence, empowerment, and the divine nature of the Holy Spirit's work.


In Luke 3:16, John the Baptist describes how Jesus will baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire. This baptism goes beyond just cleansing—it empowers believers too. The fire represents the Holy Spirit’s incredible ability to transform us. It purifies us, removing our impurities, and kindles a deep, burning passion for God within our hearts. This is a powerful, renewing experience that changes us from the inside out.


"John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire." Luke 3:16 ESV.


During Pentecost, the apostles witnessed an amazing sight: what looked like tongues of fire appeared and settled on each of them. This incredible event not only fulfilled John the Baptist’s prophecy but also clearly showed the Holy Spirit's powerful presence coming upon the disciples. These flames symbolized the Holy Spirit giving them the ability to speak in various languages, empowering them to share the Gospel far and wide, across different nations and cultures.


"When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance." Acts 2:1-4 ESV.


The Holy Spirit and fire are powerful symbols of transformation and empowerment. As we allow the Holy Spirit to work in us and through us, we experience the fullness of life that God intends for us. We will unpack this more in our devotional study (coming soon).


18. Holy Spirit As The Wind - John 3:8, Acts 2:1-2


The imagery of the Holy Spirit as the wind is both mysterious and illuminating. Wind, invisible yet powerful, is an apt metaphor for the Holy Spirit's work in our lives. It is felt rather than seen, its effects undeniable even if its movements are unpredictable.


Jesus uses the behavior of the wind to describe the mysterious workings of the Holy Spirit. Like the wind, the Holy Spirit moves in ways that are beyond our understanding and control. His actions are sovereign, guided by divine purpose, not human prediction. This teaches us to trust in His wisdom and surrender to His guidance, knowing that He directs us in the way we should go, even when the path may not be clear.


"The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.” John 3:8 ESV.


At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit's arrival is marked by a sound like a mighty rushing wind, filling the place where the disciples gathered. This powerful entrance signifies the transformative presence of the Holy Spirit. He fills and empowers believers for mission and service, equipping them with gifts and boldness to proclaim the gospel. Just as a strong wind has the power to move and change the landscape, the Holy Spirit has the power to transform lives and communities.


"When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting." Acts 2:1-2 ESV.


The Holy Spirit as the wind reminds us of the dynamic and unseen ways God moves in our lives. He is always present, guiding, and empowering. We will dive deeper into this topic of Holy Spirit and wind in our devotional study (coming soon).


19. The Oil And Holy Spirit - 1 Samuel 16:13, Psalm 23:5, Acts 10:38, James 5:14, Matthew 25:1-13


The imagery of the Holy Spirit as oil is a deeply symbolic representation found throughout the Bible, particularly in the Old Testament. Oil, in biblical terms, is often associated with anointing, healing, light, consecration, and God's presence which offer rich insights into the Holy Spirit's roles and functions.


1. Anointing Oil

In the Old Testament, we find that the anointing with oil was representative of the coming of the Holy Spirit upon a person. For instance, the prophet Samuel used oil to anoint David as king of Israel.


"Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the Lord rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah." I Samuel 16:13 ESV


"You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows." Psalm 23:5 ESV


Jesus Christ, The Messaiah is the 'Anointed One'

The Hebrew term translated, “Messiah” as well as the Greek term, “Christ,” means, “The anointed one.” The fact that the Holy Spirit is compared to anointing with oil associates Him with the Messiah. The Bible says that Jesus, the Messiah, was anointed with the Holy Spirit.


The Book of Acts records Peter saying.


"how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him."


2. Healing oil

Healing of the body is often associated with anointing with oil. In some parts of the Bible, we find that physical healing is associated with the anointing of oil. Oil was put on the person for healing purposes. At times, the oil itself was seen as the healing agent while at other times it was representative of the work of the Holy Spirit.


"Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord." James 5:14 ESV


3. Keep the oil of the Holy Spirit burning

The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins - Matthew 25:1-13

In Matthew 25:1-13, the parable of the ten virgins, oil is used to keep the lamps burning, which is interpreted by some scholars as a representation of being filled with the Holy Spirit. The wise virgins who had oil were prepared for the bridegroom's coming, symbolizing readiness and spiritual vigilance through the Holy Spirit.


"Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps..."


The use of oil as a symbol of the Holy Spirit in the Bible underscores its crucial role in consecration, empowerment, healing, and spiritual readiness, enhancing our understanding of the Holy Spirit's dynamic presence in the life of believers. We will divee deeper into the above scriptures in our devotional study (coming soon)


20. Holy Spirit Convicts Sin - John 16:8-11, Acts 2:37, Romans 8:1


The Holy Spirit plays a crucial role in our spiritual lives, not only as a comforter and guide but also as a conviction of sin. Understanding this aspect of the Holy Spirit’s work can deeply transform our relationship with God, leading us toward true repentance and spiritual growth.


The following scriptures give us a picture of how the Holy Spirit works in our lives as a conviction of sin:


1. Jesus describes the Holy Spirit’s role in revealing the true nature of sin, righteousness, and judgment. The Spirit shines a light on the reality of sin, not to condemn, but to illuminate the path to righteousness through Jesus Christ. His conviction aims to bring an awareness that leads to repentance.


"And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged." John 16:8-11 ESV


2. The response of the crowd at Pentecost to Peter's preaching, under the anointing of the Holy Spirit, demonstrates the appropriate reaction to spiritual conviction. They were "cut to the heart" and immediately sought to change, asking, "What shall we do?" This shows that true conviction should lead to actionable steps toward repentance and transformation.


"Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”" Acts 2:37 ESV


3. While the Holy Spirit convicts us of sin, it is important to remember that His conviction does not lead to condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Instead, it is a loving correction meant to guide us back to the right path and to assure us of our standing under God’s grace.


"There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus." Romans 8:1 ESV


The role of the Holy Spirit in convicting us of sin is crucial for our spiritual health and growth. Through His gentle yet profound conviction, we are not only drawn closer to the heart of God but are also cleansed from our sins and guided toward deeper righteousness. In our devotional Bible study, we will discuss how it's important to differentiate between condemnation and conviction (coming soon).


21. Gifts Of The Holy Spirit - 1 Corinthians 12:4-11, Romans 12:6-8, 1 Corinthians 12:28, 1 Corinthians 14:1


The Gifts of the Holy Spirit are special abilities given to us to serve God and build up His Church. These gifts are not just for our own benefit but are meant to help everyone, promoting unity and growth within the body of Christ. Today, we will explore these gifts as described in the New Testament and reflect on how we can embrace and use them in our daily lives.


Here is what the New Testament of our Bible says about the gifts of the Holy Spirit:


"Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills." 1 Corinthians 1-11 ESV


"Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness." Romans 12:6-8.ESV


"And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues."


"Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy."


Here are the gifts mentioned in the key passages:

  1. Wisdom: The ability to provide deep insight and understanding in applying God's truth to life’s situations.

  2. Knowledge: A special understanding of spiritual truths.

  3. Faith: Exceptional trust in God’s power and promises.

  4. Healing: The power to restore health.

  5. Miraculous Powers: The ability to perform extraordinary and supernatural acts.

  6. Prophecy: Declaring a message from God.

  7. Distinguishing Between Spirits: The ability to discern the spirit behind different messages or actions.

  8. Speaking in Tongues: The ability to speak in languages unknown to the speaker.

  9. Interpretation of Tongues: Understanding and explaining the meaning of tongues.

  10. Serving: Helping others in practical ways.

  11. Teaching: Explaining God’s truth clearly and understandably.

  12. Encouragement: Strengthening and comforting others.

  13. Giving: Generously sharing resources.

  14. Leading: Guiding and directing others effectively.

  15. Showing Mercy: Compassionately helping those in need.

  16. Apostleship: Pioneering new works and spreading the gospel.

  17. Helping: Assisting others in their ministries.

  18. Guidance: Providing wise direction.


The gifts of the Holy Spirit are a testament to God’s grace and His desire to work through us. By embracing and using these gifts, we can contribute to the health and growth of the body of Christ, glorifying God and blessing others. There is so much scripture truth to unpack in these scripture passages, and we will dive into them in our devotional study (coming soon).


22. Fruit Of The Spirit - Galatians 5:22-23, John 15:4-5, Matthew 7:16-23


The Fruit of the Holy Spirit, described in Galatians 5:22-23, includes love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.


"But the Holy Spirit produces this kind of fruit in our lives: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. There is no law against these things!" Galatians 5:22-23 NLT.


These qualities are cultivated in our lives by the Holy Spirit as we grow closer to Christ. Jesus emphasizes in John 15:4-5 that we must remain in Him to bear fruit, illustrating our dependence on Him.


"Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing."


In Matthew 7:16-23, Jesus says that true followers are known by the good things they do, showing that these qualities are proof of our faith.


"You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes, or figs from thistles? So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit. A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Thus you will recognize them by their fruits." Matthew 7:16-20 ESV


In our devotional Bible study, we will look at each part of the Fruit of the Spirit and how we can develop them in our lives (coming soon).


23. Spirit of the Lord - Isaiah 11:2, Isaiah 61:1, 2 Corinthians 3:17, Romans 8:2, Galatians 4:6, 2 Corinthians 13:14


The Spirit of the Lord is a vital presence in the life of a believer, bringing wisdom, empowerment, freedom, and an intimate relationship with God. Through the Scriptures, we can explore various dimensions of the Holy Spirit's work and influence in our lives. Let’s reflect on the following key verses that reveal the multifaceted role of the Spirit of the Lord.


Scripture Focus:

  • Isaiah 11:2 (ESV) - "And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord."

  • Isaiah 61:1 (ESV) - "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound."

  • 2 Corinthians 3:17 (ESV) - "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom."

  • Romans 8:2 (ESV) - "For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death."

  • Galatians 4:6 (ESV) - "And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, 'Abba! Father!'"

  • 2 Corinthians 13:14 (ESV) - "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all."


The Holy Spirit provides us with wisdom and understanding to make decisions that align with God's will, offering divine insight beyond human knowledge. He anoints us to share the good news, heal the brokenhearted, and free the oppressed, empowering us to fulfill God's mission with love and power.

The Holy Spirit liberates us from sin and death, allowing us to live in God's grace and truth. He gives us life, enabling us to experience the fullness of life in Jesus.

The Spirit affirms our identity as God's children, allowing us to cry out, "Abba, Father," and fostering a loving and trusting relationship with Him.

The fellowship of the Holy Spirit unites us with God and each other, creating a community of mutual support and spiritual growth that reflects the love and grace of the Trinity.


We will discuss all these points further in our devotional study (coming soon).


24. Unity In The Spirit - Ephesians 4:3-6, Ephesians 4:11-16,

Acts 2:44-47, 1 Corinthians 12:12-13, Philippians 2:1-2, Colossians 3:14


Unity is a central theme in the New Testament, especially in the context of the church. The Holy Spirit plays a crucial role in fostering and maintaining this unity among believers.


The Holy Spirit makes unity among Christians possible in two main ways. First, He lives within each believer, giving us all the power to live a Christian life. This shared presence creates a common bond between all Christians, forming a strong basis for unity. Second, the Holy Spirit brings every believer together into one body, the body of Christ (Ephesians 4:4). Through this, He creates the conditions for us to experience true unity. When Christians lack unity, it's often because the Holy Spirit is being blocked. This can happen when believers resist God's guidance or don't let the Holy Spirit lead their lives.


Here are a few scriptures that show how the Holy Spirit unites us and how we can contribute to this unity.


1. Ephesians 4:3-6 (ESV)

"eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call—one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all."

2. Ephesians 4:11-16 (ESV)

"And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ, until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ, so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes. Rather, speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ, from whom the whole body, joined and held together by every joint with which it is equipped, when each part is working properly, makes the body grow so that it builds itself up in love."

3. Acts 2:44-47 (ESV)

"And all who believed were together and had all things in common. And they were selling their possessions and belongings and distributing the proceeds to all, as any had need. And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved."

4. 1 Corinthians 12:12-13 (ESV)

"For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit."

5. Philippians 2:1-2 (ESV)

"So if there is any encouragement in Christ, any comfort from love, any participation in the Spirit, any affection and sympathy, complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind."

6. Colossians 3:14 (ESV)

"And above all these put on love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony."


Unity in the Spirit is essential for the church to function effectively and fulfill its mission. By embracing peace, using our gifts, practicing generosity, and cultivating love, we can contribute to this unity and reflect the beauty of Christ’s body. Be sure to check out the upcoming devotional study on the unity of the Spirit.


25. Presence Of Holy Spirit - 2 Corinthians 3:18, Colossians 1:27


The presence and power of the Holy Spirit are closely related, but they highlight different aspects of His work in our lives. The power of the Holy Spirit is about what He does, while the presence of the Holy Spirit is about who He is.

The presence of the Holy Spirit means He lives within us and is always with us. He helps us feel and experience the presence of Jesus Christ. Jesus knows everything about us and wants to be close to us. The Holy Spirit living in us brings us into the glorious presence of Jesus, filling our hearts with His splendor and glory (2 Corinthians 3:18).


"And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from one degree of glory to another. For this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit." 2 Corinthians 3:18 ESV


The phrase "Christ lives in you" in Colossians 1:27 speaks directly to the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit when we accept Christ. This means that Jesus is always with us, guiding, comforting, and transforming us from within. The Holy Spirit's presence guarantees our future hope and glory with Christ, confirming our eternal relationship with God and our transformation into His likeness.


"For God wanted them to know that the riches and glory of Christ are for you Gentiles, too. And this is the secret: Christ lives in you. This gives you assurance of sharing his glory."


What happens when you experience the presence of the Holy Spirit in your life?


What does the Holy Spirit feel like?


When you experience the Holy Spirit, you will come to know Him more deeply and experience the fruits of the Spirit, such as love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control (Galatians 5:22-23).

While the Holy Spirit can bring feelings of peace, joy, comfort, conviction, guidance, empowerment, love, and transformation, these experiences can vary widely. The Holy Spirit works uniquely in each person’s life. His presence is more than just a feeling—it is an ongoing relationship that transforms and guides believers into deeper communion with God and more effective service in His kingdom.


Do you spend time in Jesus' presence?


The Holy Spirit will help you feel Christ's presence and His glory in your life, always encouraging you to draw closer to Him. We'll explore this further in our upcoming devotional Bible study. Stay tuned!


Congratulations on reading through this long blog post on who the Holy Spirit is and what He does! I hope this journey has deepened your understanding of the Holy Spirit’s vital role in your life, from His presence and guidance to His empowering and transformative work.


Who Is The Holy Spirit And What Does He Do? Online Bible study And Printable Journal


Who is the holy spirit and what does he do printable journal and bible reading plan

As you reflect on what you've learned from our blog post, I encourage you to continue exploring and applying these truths. To help you dive even deeper into this study, I am offering a printable journal. This journal is designed to guide you through personal reflections and insights, enhancing your experience as you engage with the Scriptures and listen to the Holy Spirit. Grab your journal HERE.

For each day’s study, click on the provided links to read the relevant devotional. These devotionals will give you further insight and help solidify what you've learned.

Thank you for joining me on this journey. May the Holy Spirit continue to lead you into a deeper relationship with God and empower you to live out your faith boldly and effectively.



 

Resources used in writing the Bible study: Who The Holy Spirit Is And What Does He Do?





You may be encouraged by these resources:

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  • Devotional Bible Studies For Women And Quiet Time Resources Forever Access Bundle HERE 

  • Names of God resources HERE 

  • Topical Bible plans HERE 


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